linux Get Set Time函数

2021-03-22, updated 2021-09-12


#include <sys/time.h>

int gettimeofday(struct timeval *tv, struct timezone *tz);

int settimeofday(const struct timeval *tv, const struct timezone *tz);

The functions gettimeofday() and settimeofday() can get and set the time as well as a timezone. The tv argument is a struct timeval (as specified in <sys/time.h>):

struct timeval {
    time_t      tv_sec;     /* seconds */
    suseconds_t tv_usec;    /* microseconds */

and gives the number of seconds and microseconds since the Epoch (see time(2)). The tz argument is a struct timezone:

struct timezone {
    int tz_minuteswest;     /* minutes west of Greenwich */
    int tz_dsttime;         /* type of DST correction */

If either tv or tz is NULL, the corresponding structure is not set or returned. (However, compilation warnings will result if tv is NULL.)

The use of the timezone structure is obsolete; the tz argument should normally be specified as NULL. (See NOTES below.)

Under Linux there are some peculiar “warp clock” semantics associated with the settimeofday() system call if on the very first call (after booting) that has a non-NULL tz argument, the tv argument is NULL and the tz_minuteswest field is nonzero. (The tz_dsttime field should be zero for this case.) In such a case it is assumed that the CMOS clock is on local time, and that it has to be incremented by this amount to get UTC system time. No doubt it is a bad idea to use this feature.


gettimeofday() and settimeofday() return 0 for success, or -1 for failure (in which case errno is set appropriately).


- EFAULT One of tv or tz pointed outside the accessible address space.
- EINVAL Timezone (or something else) is invalid.
- EPERM  The calling process has insufficient privilege to call settimeofday(); under Linux the CAP_SYS_TIME capability is required.
words: 322 tags: linux c time