nc命令的使用

2021-03-05, updated 2021-09-12

nc是netcat的简写,有着网络界的瑞士军刀美誉。因为它短小精悍、功能实用,被设计为一个简单、可靠的网络工具

nc的作用

  1. 实现任意TCP/UDP端口的侦听,nc可以作为server以TCP或UDP方式侦听指定端口
  2. 端口的扫描,nc可以作为client发起TCP或UDP连接
  3. 机器之间传输文件
  4. 机器之间网络测速
# nc -h
OpenBSD netcat (Debian patchlevel 1.105-7ubuntu1)
This is nc from the netcat-openbsd package. An alternative nc is available
in the netcat-traditional package.
usage: nc [-46bCDdhjklnrStUuvZz] [-I length] [-i interval] [-O length]
          [-P proxy_username] [-p source_port] [-q seconds] [-s source]
          [-T toskeyword] [-V rtable] [-w timeout] [-X proxy_protocol]
          [-x proxy_address[:port]] [destination] [port]
        Command Summary:
                -4              Use IPv4
                -6              Use IPv6
                -b              Allow broadcast
                -C              Send CRLF as line-ending
                -D              Enable the debug socket option
                -d              Detach from stdin
                -h              This help text
                -I length       TCP receive buffer length
                -i secs         Delay interval for lines sent, ports scanned
                -j              Use jumbo frame
                -k              Keep inbound sockets open for multiple connects
                -l              Listen mode, for inbound connects
                -n              Suppress name/port resolutions
                -O length       TCP send buffer length
                -P proxyuser    Username for proxy authentication
                -p port         Specify local port for remote connects
                -q secs         quit after EOF on stdin and delay of secs
                -r              Randomize remote ports
                -S              Enable the TCP MD5 signature option
                -s addr         Local source address
                -T toskeyword   Set IP Type of Service
                -t              Answer TELNET negotiation
                -U              Use UNIX domain socket
                -u              UDP mode
                -V rtable       Specify alternate routing table
                -v              Verbose
                -w secs         Timeout for connects and final net reads
                -X proto        Proxy protocol: "4", "5" (SOCKS) or "connect"
                -x addr[:port]  Specify proxy address and port
                -Z              DCCP mode
                -z              Zero-I/O mode [used for scanning]
        Port numbers can be individual or ranges: lo-hi [inclusive]
words: 387 tags: nc network